Avian Visual Cognition

P. Blough Home Page    ___________

IV. References

Allan, S.E. & Blough, D. S. (1989). Feature-based search asymmetries in pigeons and humans. Perception & Psychophysics, 46, 456-464.

Bloch, S., Rey, J. & Martinoya, C. (1980).  Visual acuity as a function of distance for frontal and lateral viewing in the pigeon. In E. Grastyan & P. Molnar (Eds.), Advances in physiological science: Vol 16. (pp. 471-475). New York, NY: Oxford. 

Blough, D. S. & Blough, P. M. (1990). Reaction time assessments of visual perception in pigeons. In W.C. Stebbins & M.A. Berkley (Eds.), Comparative perception: Vol. II.  (pp. 245-276). New York, NY: Wiley 

Blough, D.S. & Blough, P.M. (1997). Form perception and attention in pigeons. Animal Learning & Behavior, 25, 1-20.

Blough, P.M. (1971). The visual acuity in the pigeon for distant targets. Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 15, 57-67. 

Blough, P. M. (1983). Local contrast in multiple schedules: The effect of stimulus discriminability. Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 39, 427-435.

Blough, P. M. (1984). Visual search in pigeons: Effects of memory set size and display variables. Perception & Psychophysics, 35. 344-352. 

Blough, P. M (1992). Detectability and choice during visual search: Joint effects of sequential priming and discriminability. Animal Learning & Behavior, 20, 293-300.

Bond, A. B. (1983) Visual search and selection of natural stimuli in the pigeon: The attention threshold hypothesis. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Behavior Processes, 9, 292-306. 

Catania, A. C. (1964). On the visual acuity of the pigeon. Journal of  the Experimental Analysis of  Behavior, 7, 361-366. 

Chase, S. (1983). Pigeons and the magical number seven. In M.L. Commons, R.J. Herrnstein, & A.R. Wagner (Eds.), Quantitative analyses of behavior:  Discrimination processes, (pp 37-57). Cambridge, MA: Ballinger.

Davis, E. T,  Kramer, P., & Graham, N. (1983). Uncertainty about spatial frequency, spatial position, or contrast of visual patterns. Perception & Psychophysics, 12, 201-204. 

Dawkins, M. (1971). Perceptual changes in chicks: Another look at the “search image” concept. Animal Behaviour, 19, 566-574.

Galifret, Y. (1968). Les diverse aires fonctionelles de la retine du pigeon. Zeitschrift. fur Zellforschung., 86, 535-545. 

Gendron, R.P. (1986). Searching for cryptic prey: Evidence for optimal search rates and the formation of search images in quail. Animal Behaviour, 34, 898-912. 

Green, B.F. & Anderson, L. K. (1956). Color coding in a visual search task. Journal of Experimental Psychology, 51, 19-24. 

Hodos, W., Leibowitz, R. W. & Bonbright, J. C., Jr. (1976). Near-field visual acuity of pigeons: Effects of head location and stimulus luminance. Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 25, 129-141. 

Hoffman, J. E. (1979). A two-stage model of visual search. Perception and Psychophysics, 25, 319-327. 

Honig, W. K. (1978). Studies of working memory in the pigeon. In S.H. Hulse, H. Fowler, & W.K. Honig (Eds.), Cognitive processes in animal behavior. Hillsdale, N.J.: Lawrence Erlbaum. 

Logan, G. D. & Stadler, M. A. (1991).Mechanisms of performance improvement in consistent mapping memory search: Automaticity or strategy shift? Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 17, 478-496. 

Martin, G. R. & Muntz, W.R. A. (1979). Retinal oil droplets and vision in the pigeon (Columba livia).  In A. M. Granda & J. H. Maxwell (Eds.).  Neural mechanisms of behavior in the pigeon.  New York, NY: Plenum. 

Pietrewicz, A. T. & Kamil, A. C.  (1979). Search image formation in the blue jay (Cyanocitta cristata). Science, 204, 1332-1333.

Posner, M. I. & Snyder, C. R. R. (1975). Facilitation and inhibition in the processing of signals. In P. M. Rabbitt. & S. Dornic (Eds.), Attention and performance:, Vol. 5  (pp 669-682). San Diego, CA: Academic Press. 

Riggs, L. A., Blough, P. M., & Schafer, K. L. (1972). Electrical responses of the pigeon eye to changes in wavelength of the stimulating light. Vision Research, 12, 981-991.

Schneider, W. & Shiffrin, R. W. (1977). Controlled and automatic human information processing,:Vol. I. Detection, search, and attention. Psychological Review, 84, 1-66.

Shiffrin, R. W. & Schneider W. (1977) Controlled and automatic human information processing: Vol. II. Perceptual learning, automatic attending, and a general theory. Psychological Review, 84. 127-190.

Shimp, C. P. (1976). Organization in memory and behavior. Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 26, 113-130.

Tinbergen, N. (1960). The natural control of insects in pine woods: Vol. I. Factors influencing the intensity of predation by songbirds. Archives Neelandaises de Zoologie, 13, 265-343.

Treisman, A. & Gelade, G. (1980). A feature integration theory of attention. Cognitive Psychology, 12, 97-136.

Treisman, A. & Gormican, S. (1988) Feature analysis in early vision. Evidence from search asymmetries. Psychological Review, 95, 15-48

Uhlrich, D.J., Blough, D.S., and Blough, P.M. (1982).  The pigeon’s visual acuity as a function of viewing angle. Vision Research, 22, 429-431.

Vaughan, W. Jr. & Greene, S.L. (1983). Acquisition of absolute discriminations in pigeons. In M. L. Commons,  R. J. Herrnstein & Wagner, A.R. (Eds.), Quantitative analyses of behavior: Vol. IV. Discrimination processes. (pp. 231-238). Cambridge, MA: Ballinger.

Wolfe, J.M., Cave, K.R., & Franzel, S.L. (1989). Guided search: An alternative to the feature integration model for visual search. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 15, 419-433. 

The recent research reported here was supported in part by NSF Grant BNS-9407269.